Dr. Maria Montessori was born in 1870 in Chiaravalle, Italy. She was a physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, as well as her writing on scientific pedagogy.
Dr. Montessori opened the first Casa dei Bambini (Children's House) in San Lorenzo, Italy in 1907. As a result of the scientific observation and study of her students, Dr. Montessori was able to create a learning environment specifically designed to enable the children to work on their self-formation at their own pace with a rigorous course of preparation for teachers who take on the responsibility of aiding these children in doing so. Since her death in 1952, there have been thousands of Montessori schools opened around the world.
"Let the children be free; encourage them; let them run outside when it is raining; let them remove their shoes when they find a puddle of water; and when the grass of the meadows is wet with dew, let them run on it and trample it with their bare feet; let them rest peacefully when a tree invites them to sleep beneath its shade; let them shout and laugh when the sun wakes them in the morning."
- Dr. Maria Montessori
August 31, 1870- May 6, 1952